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CYBER CRIMES AND PROTECTION OF CHILD RIGHTS IN INDIA

Moiz and Maaz Akhtar Hashmi, 5th Year, Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

INTRODUCTION

Children make up a huge and basic segment of the population on the web. Indeed, they will in general be more agreeable and capable with electronic gadgets and applications than numerous grown-ups. However, regardless of whether youngsters are to some degree master clients of web innovation and mindful of the two dangers and methods of managing them, they actually don't have development in the feeling of having the option to assess the circumstances they experience and the potential results their activities can have on the web.

Children are among the most dynamic web clients and are lamentably subject to various dangers. They spend a lot of their time on the web. The web, being a puzzling spot, opens kids to the clouded side of the world.


CYBERCRIME AND CHILD ABUSE

Children are the most vulnerable part of society and are handily misused in the digital world because of the absence of a majority level in them. Nowadays it is seen that even sexual abuse of the kids has begun on the web. The wrongdoers talk online with small kids by wrongly expressing/addressing their age and draw them towards sex. With these most recent advancements it has gotten exceptionally simple for the criminal to contact kids. Kids are handily abused by online lawbreakers due to their age and larger part as well as they intensely depend on systems administration destinations for social connection. Wrongdoers utilize bogus characters in talk space to draw casualties for individual gatherings. This prompts kid misuse and abuse, for example, trafficking and sex tourism. The kid never knows the individual with whom the person is talking.


CYBER BULLYING

Cyberbullying is mostly done through web-based media destinations and is lamentably common in this day and age, and causes the same amount of harm as some other type of tormenting. This is perhaps the most provoking danger to manage as a parent. Indeed, even any video which comprises terrorizing and looks to urge obscure individuals to disturb others can likewise go under the extent of cyberbullying.

CYBER GROOMING

Practice where individuals build up a passionate association with kids via web-based media stages with the goal of acquiring their trust so they can explicitly mishandle them. This is generally regular with young teen ladies.


CYBER EXTREMISM

Cyber Extremism is a rising worldwide issue with non-state entertainers progressively utilizing the internet and web-based media to advance, proliferate and actualize radicalized perspectives, possibly compromising the security and respectability of countries. While the free progression of data is the sign of a popularity based society, incendiary or revolutionary data has the capability of exasperating a genuine or saw feeling of underestimation and mistreatment, prompting fights, viciousness and demonstrations of dread by people and gatherings.

Coordinated non-state entertainers are additionally known to be effectively radicalizing youngsters and youngsters on the internet. The appearance of digital fanaticism has brought to the front line some important, lawful, strategic and administrative issues that should be tended to go through worldwide digital lawful structures. The non-appearance of peaceful accords on digital fanaticism and the different public ways to deal with digital law are likewise requirements to the foundation of network safety at the worldwide level. The danger of youngsters and youngsters being instilled and radicalized is expanding because of the genuine danger psychological warfare stances to worldwide security. Non-state entertainers might not have set up a huge presence in India, however are known to have radicalized a few adolescents.


ONLINE SEXUAL HARASSMENT

The inspiration and recurrence of activity, absence of assent and sexual, abusive or threatening substance defines lewd behaviour which includes sending unwanted substance to an individual and additionally posting unseemly substance about that person in the internet.

A harasser who utilizes undesirable sexual thoughtfulness regarding a casualty online frequently, means to request sexual participation from his/her casualty, either on the internet or face to face. The harasser may utilize individual correspondence to pass on undesirable and unwanted messages straightforwardly identifying with sex and additionally sexuality.


REVENGE PORNOGRAPHY

In April 2015, a 21-year-old man was booked by the police in the Nargol village of Valsad (Gujarat) for allegedly spreading photographs of his teenage ex-girlfriend in compromising positions on popular social media websites. The pictures were reportedly taken on a mobile phone but were posted by the accused when the girl’s parents were reportedly looking for a groom for the girl. The accused was charged with molestation under different sections of the Information Technology Act and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act.


INTERNET ADDICTION: A REALITY OR A MYTH?

In a recent case from India, two gaming-addicted brothers required a month of rehabilitation in the ward of the Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in New Delhi. Several reports and articles in the media, which have been suggesting an increase in cases of internet and gaming addiction, highlighted this case as an example of the perils of children spending excessive amounts of time on online gaming.


UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (UNCRC)

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) characterizes Child Rights as the basic privileges and opportunities that ought to be present for each citizen beneath the age of 18, paying little mind to race, national origin, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origin, wealth, birth status, disability, or other characteristics.

These rights develop opportunities for youngsters and their social equality, family climate, vital medical services and government assistance, training, recreation and social exercises and extraordinary security measures. The UNCRC traces the central basic liberties that ought to be stood to kids in four expansive characterizations that appropriately cover all affable, political, social, economic and social privileges of each child.


LAWS FOR PROTECTION OF CHILD RIGHTS IN INDIA

The law implementation offices make a legitimate move according to arrangements of law against people associated with computerized sexual misuse/maltreatment of child. The Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000 has satisfactory arrangements to manage prevailing cybercrimes. Section 67B of the Act explicitly gives tough discipline to distributing, perusing or communicating child sexual entertainment in electronic structure. Further, Section 354A and 354D of Indian Penal Code give discipline to cyber harassing and cyber stalking against ladies.

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, is an essential piece of legislation that specifically addresses sexual offences committed against children. POCSO criminalises cybercrime against children, including child pornography, cyber stalking, cyber bullying, defamation, grooming, hacking, identity theft, online child trafficking, online extortion, sexual harassment, violation of privacy.


THE PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION BILL 2019: ARRANGEMENTS ENSURING A CHILD’S ONLINE INFORMATION

The public authority after an extensive stretch of time, postponed its first The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 in the Parliament in December 2019. The individual information assurance charge looks to ensure the individual information of the individual and foundation of an information insurance expert for the equivalent. Chapter IV of the Personal data protection bill gives arrangements to the handling of individual information and sensitive individual information of the kids. The personal data protection bill was postponed in the parliament in December 2019 and in January the Covid19 pandemic hit the Indian region, so the personal data protection bill is under seclusion. It will be again tabled before the "Parliament" trailed by official consent to turn into an enactment.


STEPS TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT

Ministry of Home Affairs dispatched a plan named 'Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC)' under which an online National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal, (www.cybercrime.gov.in) was dispatched on 20th September 2018 to empower the general population to report cases relating to child pornography/kid sexual maltreatment material, assault/assault pictures or explicitly express substance. This entryway engages people in general to hold up grievances secretly or through the "Report and Track" alternative.


CONCLUSION

The ascent of online web exercises in the cutting edge time has welcomed various dangers on the online security of the children. Without tough lawful arrangements, the insurance of such privileges of youngsters appears to be a sunshine dream. Nonetheless, after the increment in online wrongdoings like cyber bullying, phishing, stalking and the data leak, the public authority turned into a little restless and proposed a data protection bill for the assurance of right to the online protection of the individual. On the off chance that bills appear to be too short to even think about possessing the appropriate arrangements for child’s online security assurance, the government ought to have outlined the different, needed, efficient and effective bills in countries like the USA and China.

(Disclaimer- The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of Child Rights Centre.)

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