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    Nikhil Singh and Vineet Tripathi, 4th Year, Amity University Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Campus The role of Justice in India and the scope of legal interpretation have grown exponentially in recent times, in part due to the rapid growth of legal interventions at the present period. Justice plays a vital role in protecting the basic rights of citizens and non-citizens alike. The protection of equality before the law and for equal protection of the laws are recognized as the two most important pillars of human rights in the universe; this is where the freedom to guarantee human rights is realized. India's constitution lays the foundation for its foreign policy and international obligations are respected. These principles are set out in particular in Article 51 occurs in part IV of the Constitution of India. Austin described the law as a political mandate his sovereignty and sovereignty were inseparable and complete, only a legislature could legislate. The function of the court was simply to proclaim the existing law or to interpret the law but on the other hand, the United States truth organization is the latest branch of Sociological Jurisprudence focused on the decisions of the courts of law. Humble law is what the court says. To them, the judges are law-abiding citizens. Every common law is the creation of English courts but based on the myth that a judge simply found the law. Despite such a casual view of their role, the judges of England not only made law but also modify them to suit the completely new conditions created by the industrial change in the modern era Judicial Activism emerged as a tool to protect the Rights of the Child including protection from sexual exploitation, child trafficking, child abuse, etc. CHILD LABOUR AND THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION “Education is a human right with immense power to transform. On its foundation rest the cornerstones of freedom, democracy, and sustainable human development.”[1] Education is a vital part of economic and social development. It is important in building people skills and opening opportunities. Education plays a vital role in shaping social and professional growth. The termination of child labour must precede the introduction of compulsory education because compulsory education and labour laws for children are intertwined. Article 24 of the Constitution prohibits the employment of a child under the age of 14. Article 45 adds to Article 24 because if a child cannot be employed under the age of 14 it should be kept in something else educational institution. In M.C. Mehta v. Status of Tamil Nadu[2] The Supreme Court instructed that children should not be employed in hazardous work in factories to make matchboxes and explosives, and that good child welfare measures should be taken such as and to improve their quality of life. Unni Krishnan, J.P. & Ors. v State of Andhra Pradesh[3] Justice Mohan noted that “in educational institutions which are sowing seeds a culture, in which children are wrapped up in the future of their own hands, trained. From them, positions will arise as government officials and soldiers, religious zealots, and philosophers, will determine global progress.” LABOUR AND CHILD WELFARE AND LOCUS STANDI The release of the concept of locus standi, making court access easier, is an example of the changing nature of the Indian courts. It often seems that working children are and large ones come from families, below the poverty line, and there are no ways to do that open their complaint that their basic rights are being violated without punishment. Last, in view of the deplorable conditions of child labour, the high court has shown its sensitivity targeting poor people by loosening the concept of locus standi. In Peoples Union for Democratic Rights v. Union of India[4]. The Supreme Court held that although the Labour Law, 1938 did not include construction work in projects because the construction industry did not exist in the process outlined in the Law Schedule, however, such construction was a risky undertaking and under Art. 24 children under the age of 14 could not be employed in hazardous work. The right of a child who fights exploitation under Article 24 was compulsory or non-compliant law and for the continued benefit of the community. They do not believe in the existing social and economic system. High watermark on the operation of Article 24 of the Constitution was upheld by the Salal Court Hydro Project v. State Jammu and Kashmir[5] where the Court reiterated the above stand. The court it is maintained that child labour is an economic problem. Poor parents want to argue with their little ones' income from the employment of their children. Therefore, a complete ban on child labour of any kind may not be socially possible in the existing socio-economic environment. Article 24 therefore, only imposes an applicable limit on the use of children. The Court also noted that as long as there was poverty in this country, it will be difficult to end child labour. YOUTH JUSTICE The Youth Justice Act (Care and Protection), 2015 is enacted as a human rights law again we are now working across the State in the same way, repealing all the Children's Laws passed by the provinces each. This law applies to two types of children. “A child who opposes the law” as defined under Section 2 (1) and a child in need of care and protection as defined below Section 2 (d). A child or a child as defined under Section 2 (k) by an intruder received 18 years. The prison system will include the management of prisoners. Sheela Barse v. Union of India[6] Ms. Sheela Barse, a dedicated social worker took the case of helpless children under the age of 16 illegally detained in prisons. You requested the release of such young children from prisons, the production of information on the availability of children's courts, in homes and schools, and a directive that district judges should visit prisons or dungeons inside their ability to ensure that children are properly cared for while in custody. The Court noted that children in prison have the right to special treatment. Children are national assets too; they should be treated with special care. The Court called for the establishment of chiefs and young men's, children's homes in prisons. In Sheela Barse v Secretary Children Aid Society[7] The Supreme Court came forward to protect the rights of children in foster homes. CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION Human rights are based on human dignity and worth. Human rights and fundamental freedoms have been restored by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Human rights for women, including the age of girls, therefore, are undeniable, inclusive, and an inseparable part of human rights in general. All forms of gender discrimination violation of fundamental freedoms and human rights. Therefore, it will be worth taking all measures to prevent prostitution. The eradication of prostitution by any means is an important factor in social interaction and the glory of women. The right of the child to grow up depends on the removal of prostitution. Success lies in the practical steps to root out the root and branch of fornication. In Bachpan Bachao Andolan v Union of India[8] filed an application filed by HRLN, Supreme Court ordered the implementation of the recommendations made during this hearing case, which will introduce significant changes to the current government for child protection. A complaint was introduced in 2006 on the issue of child abuse and exploitation in the circus industry. The court ordered the federal government to issue a notice prohibiting the hiring of people children in the circus, committing crimes to rescue children who are already working in the circus, and framework the appropriate scheme for their restoration. During the hearing in this case, several recommendations set by the applicant and the respondent, which are intended to change the existing legal and procedural requirements to protect children. This latest order is just one of several possible orders issued by the Honourable High Court in due course as the Honourable Court has specified the aim is to address the issue of child abuse in a long and systematic manner. Confirming a strong response to child abuse, the Supreme Court noted: “We plan to tackle the problem of systematic child abuse”. In Vishal Jeet v. Union of India[9], High Court in this case is facing some complex questions in relation to child sexual abuse. It is sad and heartbreaking to realize that most of the poverty affects children and girls at early age adolescence is taken to the ‘meat market’ and forced into the existing “meat trade” it is committed to the total violation of all moral, moral and human dignity. In Gaurav Jain v. Union of India[10], The Supreme Court ruled that the children of prostitutes have the right to equal opportunity, dignity, care, protection, and renewal which is a big part of social life without prejudice. The Court ordered that the constitution of the committee makes a plan to rehabilitate such children and child prostitutes and their implementation and submission of periodic reports Registry. Sakshi v Union of India[11] in the matter of claiming Public Interest, the Supreme court has asked the Legal Commission to look into certain sexual matters child abuse referred by the complainant and the possibility of amendments 375 and 376 IPC. References [1] Kofi Annan [2] AIR 1997 SC 699, (1996) 6 SCC [3] 1993 AIR 217, 1993 SCR (1) 594, 1993 SCC (1) 645, JT 1993 (1) 474. 1993 SCALE (1) 290 [4] AIR 1982 SC 1473 [5] 1984 (1) Scale 680, 1984 (3) SCC [6] JT 1986 136 1986 SCALE (2) 230 [7]AIR 1987 SC 656: 1986(2) Scale 1234: (1987) 3 SCC 50: (1987) 1 SCR 870 [8] [2011] 5 SCC 1 [9] (1990) 3 SCC 318 [10] (1997) 8 SCC 114; AIR 1997 SC 3021 [11] (2004) 5 SCC 546, AIR 2000 SC 3479 (Disclaimer- The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of Child Rights Centre.)


    Tanisha Prashant, 4th Year, Institute of Law, Nirma University We are guilty of many errors and faults; But our worst crime is abandoning the children, Neglecting the foundation of life, many of the things we need can wait, The child cannot wait; Right now is the time, His bones are being formed, His blood is being made and his senses are being developed, To him, we cannot answer ‘tomorrow’; His name is ‘today’. - Gabriel Mistral BACKGROUND In the year 2019, 7.2% of crimes were committed by children in conflict with the law. A child who is alleged or found to have committed an offence and has not completed the age of 18 years on the date of commission of such offence is called a child in conflict with the law. [1]The crimes committed by him can be petty, serious, or heinous i.e. can range from pickpocketing to crimes like rape and murder. Every child who comes in conflict with the law is a child who has been in some way failed by society and deprived of a safe and healthy childhood. A child is a doli incapax [2]and cannot be solely held responsible for his/her actions. Many situational and contextual factors like unstable families, traumatizing experiences in early childhood, exposure to criminality, harsh discipline, and constant mental and physical abuse have been found to be reasons for delinquency.[3] It has rightly been said that “a juvenile delinquent is nothing more than a poor child caught in the struggle for survival”. Therefore, children owing to their vulnerabilities cannot be treated equally with an adult under a criminal justice system. Justice under a child rights framework advocates against the justice system designed for adults. As per articles 37 and 40 of the Convention on Child Rights, the juvenile justice system needs to aim for the rehabilitation and reformation of a child. It should promote their sense of dignity and aim at reintegration into society in the best possible way. The legal response to rehabilitation and reformation of children in conflict with the law in India has been Institutionalization. Under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015, the Juvenile Justice board can deal with the child in 6 ways, may :( 1) Allow the child to go home after advice or admonition. (2)Direct the child to participate in group counseling and similar activities. (3) Order the child to perform community service. (4)Order the child, or parents of the child, to pay a fine. (5)Release the child on probation of good conduct. (6) Direct the child to a special home for a period not exceeding three years. It is this last option available at the disposal of the juvenile board that is most used by the board to deal with children in conflict with the law and has posed most problems in the realization of child rights and especially the rehabilitation of children in conflict with the law. Institutional care under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 takes place in institutions like - (1) Observation Homes which are temporary reception facilities for juveniles during the pendency of their inquiry.[4] (2)Juvenile Homes or Special Homes are places where Neglected and delinquent juveniles are sent here for education, vocational training, and rehabilitation.[5] (3) After-care organizations are created for the purpose of helping the child reintegrate better into society after leaving Juvenile homes.[6] The goal of these institutions has been enshrined in the Beijing rules 1985, which states that- “The goal of institutionalization should be on assisting young people in becoming productive members of the society”. Moreover, it establishes as a basic rule that in every aspect of the juvenile justice system the best interests of the child should be ensured. All the dealing should be child friendly and he/she must be given adequate opportunity to express his/her views freely to the best possible extent. However, as per the guiding principles under the Child Rights Convention, also considered the Magna Carta on the rights of the child, institutional treatment of children has to be done as the last resort while dealing with the child. Yet the children in India seem to have faced the most institutional treatment. JUVENILE HOMES IN INDIA – A PITIFUL STATE OF AFFAIRS Contrary to all the international principles present, the status of juveniles in these facilities is deplorable. In India, about 1.7 million children alleged to be in conflict with law languish in more than 815 Juvenile correction homes which have turned into second-class prisons. A child goes inside these places because of his/her innocence and vulnerabilities but comes out losing his childhood forever. In 2013 the Asian center for human rights made a report titled India hell holes: child sexual assault in juvenile justice highlighting the dismal state of affairs of these facilities. What was the condition during the making of the report that has been worsened in the past years owing to increased crime rates? Inmates are subject to sexual assault, exploitation, torture, ill-treatment, and inhumane conditions of living. New children are subject to physical and sexual abuse by older youth living in the observation homes. Children are neither regularly monitored by experts nor are provided regular skill development sessions. The whole object of sending the children to these places is to provide psychological support to them so that they are able to develop their skills and deviate away from crime. However, the conditions in these homes make them more notorious and rigid, thereby subverting the whole purpose of the provision. The purpose for the creation of these “homes” was to aid the children and keep them away from the rigors of criminal law, yet from the police to the caretakers in these homes, everyone terms them as murderer, rapist, thief and abuse them on their acts rather than focusing on their care. Moreover, issues like lack of trained staff, low budgets, corruption, and little assistance from the government have plagued these institutions even more. Children tend to form groups and gangs which they continue even outside these places which never let them escape the shackles of law and crime. Even when they are released the society offers little rather no support to them. The families of these children are roughed up by the police regularly which worsens the societal baggage for the children. What is wrong with these facilities is that they ‘abuse the already abused’ children. They have failed to internalize the fact that every child in conflict with the law is first a “child in need of care and protection”. The whole object is to give the child a second chance in rebuilding his life. Moreover, the statute from which these institutions derive authority i.e. the Juvenile Justice act is meant for “care and protection” of the child and not punishment. These institutions in their neglect tend to bypass the legislation and defeat its purposes. Juvenile confinement is a very important part of the juvenile justice system and yet has often been overlooked. Juveniles have come to become the least priority in policymaking. Confinement for children in conflict with law works on the principle of care and response to their delinquent behavior. The aim here is reformation and not punishment. Confinement should be restricted to only those children who have done serious or heinous crimes and may pose a threat to other children in society or to society as a whole. In these facilities, the basic needs of the child need to be catered through proper and special care to each child. The functions and the environment of these homes should help the child to reintegrate himself into society and look towards a bright future. Positive disciplining should be carried out through life and vocational skill training programs which should bring positive stimulation and development in them. Regular counseling sessions with individualized care plans have to be made and revised regularly. CONCLUSION Children are vulnerable and open to all kinds of exploitation. It is the duty of society and the state to protect these young minds. Society has to respect the children, it has the duty to protect them from exploitation and provide them a free and healthy world. The state, on the other hand, has to treat the children as right bearers and take them as stakeholders in policymaking. It has to open up all the avenues for the children that will help them attain the best environment by providing them with healthier institutions and services. Internalization supersedes institutionalization; the stakeholders responsible for administering juvenile justice have to be sensitized about the problems and needs of the child rather than merely giving them handouts for the same. They need to be trained to deal with each child separately on a case-to-case basis and help them reform and reintegrate into society. [1] Section 2(13), Juvenile justice (Care and protection of children) act 2015. [2] Heeralal vs state of Bihar AIR 1977 SC 2236. [3] Asha Bajpai, Child Rights in India, Oxford University press,(2017) [4] Section 11, Juvenile justice (Care and protection of children) act 2015. [5] Section 9 and section 10, Juvenile justice (Care and protection of children) act 2015. [6] Section 12, Juvenile justice (Care and protection of children) act 2015. (Disclaimer- The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of Child Rights Centre.)


    Abhishek Burman, 2nd Year, Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur and Shriya Tiwari, 2nd Year, Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur INTRODUCTION Child marriage is a marriage between two young individuals (children) who are below the age of majority and neither of them is physically nor mentally prepared to shoulder the responsibility of marital bond and child procreation. Therefore, marriage at such an age results in an increase in infant mortality rates, the death of young mothers, and malnutrition. The individuals who aren’t even capable of taking care of themselves on their own, consequently, are burdened with family responsibilities that lead to huge mental, economic and physical stress that their mind and body are apparently not developed enough to handle at this age. Some authorised legal definitions as to who a child is: The Indian law defines the term child in Section 3(1) of the Indian Majority Act of 1875 as every individual who has the domicile of India and shall attain the status majority only when he has completed 18 years of his age and not before that. According to child psychologists, a child is termed as the one whose attributes and actions consist of those lying midway through infancy and childhood. The upbringing and the surrounding they are exposed to at such a tender age, therefore, matters a lot when it comes to building a valuable individual for the progress of its family, its society, and most importantly, its nation. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CHILD MARRIAGE There have been innumerable cases related to child marriages in India. The major reasons primarily the societal setup, that leads to the prominence of the practice are: Since, in the earlier times, there was no proper family planning so this resulted in a huge number of children in a family, which therefore intensified the pressure of the parents to educate and marry them. Besides this, poverty and other factors like poor education, family insecurity, and gender inequalities already enhanced the seriousness of the problem. Most importantly, poor implementation of the law has been the major factor in the continuance of this malpractice in our country. Most of them didn’t come into the limelight due to the voices being suppressed by the consistent external pressure. So, the woman whose opinion was least considered was the one majorly affected by the ongoing menace in the society. Moreover, some of them got the upper hand as they were fortunate enough to be approached by the socialists, active in contemporary times. The first such incident that gained legal recognition is the leading case of Dadaji Bhikaji v. Rukhmabai, where the Bombay High Court bench gave its verdict observing that it was quite a barbarous and cruel behaviour done to a young girl who was compelled to cohabit and consummate the marriage with her husband whom she had tied a knot at the age of 11, where she was undoubtedly incapable of giving consent. The case sparked an unprecedented debate regarding child marriage, and Rukhmabai became a leading voice speaking about the rights of children and them getting married away at a young age. In another case of Queen-Empress v. Huree, Mohan Mythee, tracing back to the year 1891, saw the demise of a young girl, aged 11, who succumbed to haemorrhages suffered due to forceful vaginal sexual intercourse by her husband. The 35 years old man was saved from the charges of rape, yet this particular case galvanised a popular demand for ‘consent before marriage’ and also consent for having sexual intercourse. LEGISLATIONS REGARDING THE ISSUE IN INDIA ● The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929: The CMRA adopted a more disciplinary and preventive measure with respect to the marriage of minor children rather than going with less effective prohibitive provisions. Initially, it imposed a fine of Rs. 1000 on anyone marrying a girl and a boy at the age less than 14 and 18 years of age, respectively, with a corresponding liability of the girl’s parents in the course of the Act. Later in the year 1949, the Act was amended to increase the age to 15 for girls (boys remained 18). With a final amendment in 1978, the age was increased to 18 and 21 for girls and boys, respectively. ● The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955: The HMA, in conformity to the 1978 amendment made in CMRA, contains a provision that talks about 18 and 21 years of marriage for girls and boys, respectively. Besides this, it also contains a provision for punishment of one involved in a child marriage that consists of rigorous punishment in the form of imprisonment that may extend up to two years or imposition of fine (which may amount to 1 lakh rupees) or both. ● The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006: This Act provides prohibition of solemnisation of child marriages by appointing officials by state governments to prevent minor child marriage. This Act raised hopes but failed when it came to declaring such marriages void that was already solemnised and they remained valid, subjected to the confirmation of both the children. At the international level, the United Nations made the declaration to spread awareness globally by the year 2030 and to protect the vulnerable age group of the human society. UNFPA’s Executive Director, Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, once said that we should work hand in hand along with all other nations to deal with this menace and take adequate steps to protect adolescent girls, especially. To make them progress in their lives and contribute to the economic and social development of the nation. According to the report of the UNFPA, nine out of ten adolescent girls face improper conception at a particular time. This has repercussions like abortion, malnutrition, and other major complications caused to the young mother. UNFPA, in collaboration with the national governments and civil societies, works at the grass-roots levels to ensure the protection of human rights of the children, curtailing incidents like premature death of a child, curbing the chances of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Some programs include Action for Adolescent Girls programme and the UNFPA-UNICEF Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, to let the children realise their potential and their human rights and come out with flying colours in whatever they opt for. CHILD MARRIAGE AND HEALTH ISSUES Child marriages adversely affect the growth of a girl child. It affects her physical development as well as mental growth for the rest of her life. Child brides often live in an extended family, which is a prominent source of violence and psychological disorders; as young girls, they are denied an appropriate childhood and basic nutrition which is required for a female body. Furthermore, the reproductive health of a girl child is also jeopardized as they are forced to have sexual intercourse with the man elder to them. The female spouse often lacks the status and the knowledge of safe sex and contraceptive practice, increasing the risk of acquiring HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases and the possibility of early age pregnancy. Girls under the age of 15 die more often at the time of pregnancy as compared to a bride who is in her early ’20s. Moreover, they face several pregnancy-related issues such as “Obstetric fistula”. “According to the International Women’s Health Coalition,” Children of child brides are 60% more like to die in the first year of life than those born to mothers older than 19. CONCLUSION A recent UNICEF report stated that India has the second-highest number of child marriages in the world, with 43% of Indian women having been married before the age of 18. Another recent study by The International Research Centre for Research on Women reported that young women who married before the age of 18 were twice as likely to report being beaten, slapped, or threatened by their husbands as girls who married later. They were also three times as likely to report being forced into sexual intercourse without their consent in the previous six months. According to the report of The International Center for Research Women (ICRW), there are ways to prevent child marriage. Firstly, the need for better laws and better policies is so essential that many countries where the rate of child marriage is high, passed many legislations and implementation of such laws and policies is also very important there are various legislations in India too but still the child marriage is happening in one way or another. Secondly, implementation of such policies which provide economic support and incentive to a girl child and her family. It was evident that poor families often prefer child marriages as they are financially weak so as to gain the bride price. The most important thing to prevent child marriages is the implementation of laws which really help a girl child. In so many remote areas child marriages are still common. The COVID-19 almost damaged all the sectors, ministries around the world still child marriages are at their peak. According to the Global Girlhood 2020 says that “At least half a million girls are now at risk of being victims of forced child marriages by the end of this year. Furthermore, according to the Save, the Children report up to 2.5 million girls may be married early due to pandemic”. Thus, child marriage is the end of childhood and adults must look for ways to end the evil. (Disclaimer- The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of Child Rights Centre.)

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    MEDIA GALLERY 74th Independence Day Bihar Legislator's Conclave View All Albums ANNOUNCEMENTS SOCIAL FEED EVENTS CALENDAR BLOGS Shreya Sinha Mar 28 6 min ROLE OF JUDICIARY IN PROTECTING CHILD RIGHTS 40 Write a comment 1 Shreya Sinha Mar 28 6 min THE STATE OF INSTITUTIONAL TREATMENT OF CHILDREN IN CONFLICT WITH LAW IN INDIA: WHAT IT IS AND WHAT 12 Write a comment Shreya Sinha Mar 28 6 min CHILD MARRIAGE: SOCIETAL CHALLENGES FOR THE LEGAL REGIME 83 Write a comment 1 Shreya Sinha Mar 28 6 min PROTECTION OF CHILDREN’S IN ARMED CONFLICT: INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE 77 Write a comment 4 Shreya Sinha Mar 28 5 min WHY DO WE SUFFER? – THE UNTOLD STORY OF EVERY GIRL 14 Write a comment 2 Shreya Sinha Mar 28 6 min BORN IN BROTHELS: RIGHTS OF CHILDREN OF SEX-WORKERS 143 Write a comment Shreya Sinha Mar 28 4 min ROLE OF JUDICIARY IN PROTECTION OF CHILDREN 15 Write a comment 1 Shreya Sinha Mar 28 6 min INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICE: AN ANALYSIS 9 Write a comment Shreya Sinha Mar 28 5 min SATISH RAGDE V STATE OF MAHARASHTRA- A U-TURN FOR CHILD RIGHTS? 45 Write a comment 1 View More EXPERT POSTS Sep 1, 2020 6 min WHY ARE WOMEN AND CHILDREN STILL NOT SAFE IN INDIA? 161 1 16 likes. Post not marked as liked 16 Aug 27, 2020 5 min REIMAGINING MENSTRUAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT AS A HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUE 78 0 3 likes. Post not marked as liked 3 Aug 25, 2020 6 min EMERGING ISSUES OF CHILD PROTECTION AND CARE IN THE PANDEMIC 130 0 3 likes. Post not marked as liked 3 Aug 18, 2020 5 min CHILD VIOLENCE: BREAKING THE SILENCE 102 0 10 likes. Post not marked as liked 10 Aug 9, 2020 5 min INDIA: A COUNTRY ON THE LONG ROAD TO COMBATING DISCRIMINATION 231 0 5 likes. Post not marked as liked 5 Jun 11, 2019 14 min CHILDREN IN BIHAR AND THEIR WELL BEING: THE INCONSPICUOUS ROADBLOCKS 73 0 6 likes. Post not marked as liked 6 View More

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    Reports & Publications NEWSLETTERS ​ Annual Issue 2020 ​ ​Inaugural Issue/March 2019 REPORTS PROGRAMME REPORT (English Version): From Advocacy to Action – Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) Unite for Child Rights Organised by Child Rights Centre, Chanakya National Law University, Patna & UNICEF Bihar on March 10, 2021 PROGRAMME REPORT (Hindi Version): From Advocacy to Action – Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) Unite for Child Rights Organised by Child Rights Centre, Chanakya National Law University, Patna & UNICEF Bihar on March 10, 2021 PROGRAMME REPORT: From Advocacy to Action - Youth Unite for Child Rights - Online orientation By Child Rights Centre, CNLU & UNICEF Bihar on 26 February, 2021 MEDIA COVERAGE REPORT: Webinar ‘From Advocacy to Action — Youth Unite for Child Rights’ , 26 February, 2021 Annual Report - 2018-2019 Annual Issue 2020 March Issue 2019

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